Do You Know – How Inverted Yogic Asanas Vitalise Your Brain?

uvAcha Quiz – 10

He is known as the Father of Indian Space Program

  1. V.Raman
  2. Vikram Sarabhai
  3. APJ Abdul Kalam
  4. Satish Dhawan

 

He is known as the founder of India’s first pharmaceutical company ‘Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals

  1. Shivram Bhoje
  2. Arvind Bhatnagar
  3. Srikumar Banerjee
  4. Prafulla Chandra Ray

 

He is the He is known as the father of Indian Nuclear Programme

  1. APJ Abdul Kalam
  2. Homi J Bhabha
  3. Vikram Sarabhai
  4. Meghnad Saha

 

The National Academy of Sciences, India was founded in the year

  1. 1920
  2. 1930
  3. 1945
  4. 1956

 

He is the founder of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

  1. Sir A.G.Bourne
  2. V.Raman
  3. Vikram Sarabhai
  4. Jamshedji Tata

 

Answers for uvAcha quiz – 9

(a)  Raidas   (b)  Guru Nanak  (c)  Basavaraja  (d)  Ramanuja  (e)  Chaitanya

SCIENTISTS OF INDIA

From C. V. Raman to Salim Ali, the talents of Indian scientists and inventors have been established in many areas, including physics, medicine, mathematics, chemistry and biology. Some of them have also contributed in a substantial way to advanced scientific research in many different regions of the world.

Let’s have a look at some of the famous scientists of  India and their contributions.

MEGHNAD SAHA

megha1

He made remarkable contribution to the field of Astrophysics. In 1919, American Astrophysical Journal published – “On Selective Radiation Pressure and its Application” – a research paper by Meghnad Saha. He put forward an “onization formula” which explained the presence of the spectral lines. The formula proved to be a breakthrough in astrophysics.

He invented an instrument to measure the weight and pressure of solar rays. He produced the famous equation, which he called ‘equation of the reaction-isobar for ionization’, which later became known as Saha’s “Thermo-Ionization Equation”.

Saha was the leading spirit in organizing the scientific societies like the ‘National Academy of Science’ (1930), ‘Indian Institute of Science’ (1935), and the ‘ Indian Association for the Cultivation of science’ (1944). The lasting memorial to him is the ‘Saha Institute of Nuclear physics’ founded in 1943 in Calcutta. He was the chief architect of river planning in India. He prepared the original plan for Damodar Valley Project. Meghnad Saha was an Indian astrophysicist who nominated for the ‘Nobel prize’ in physics in 1935-36.

SISIR KUMAR MITRA

Sisir Kumar Mitra

He is renowned in the scientific world for his contribution to the study of the ‘ionosphere’, which is a layer containing electrically charged particles called ‘ions’ in the upper atmosphere.  The study of the ionosphere is therefore, vital for radio communication.

Besides numerous other contributions, Mitra also found out why the night sky appears dusty black and not jet-black as it should.  He attributed this to the presence of ions in the F layer which emit some light, the process being called “night sky luminescence”.

Due to his untiring efforts, the radio industry was started in the country.  He introduced this newborn science of communication in the country.

The Haringhata Ionosphere Field Station was installed and the Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics was founded in Calcutta.

VIKRAM SARABHAI

Scientist Vikram Sarabhai

He was the main personality behind the launching of India’s first satellite, ‘Aryabhatta’. He is considered as the ‘father of the Indian Space Programme’. He was among the few scientists who devoted their entire life to the progress of science in our country.

Vikram Sarabhai ushered in the space age, by expanding the Indian Space Research Organisation.  The credit for much of what India achieved in space technology must go to him.   In 1943 he went to the Himalayas to study cosmic rays at high altitude.  He was so thrilled that he decided to set up a laboratory to study cosmic rays.

He founded the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad an institution devoted to the study of cosmic rays and outer space.  In 1955, he set up a branch of the laboratory at Gulmarg in Kashmir and set up other branches in Trivandrum and Kodaikanal.   He was President of Physics Section of Indian Science Congress Association in 1962.  He was awarded with Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize in 1962, Padmashri in 1966 and Padma Vibhushan in 1972.

PRAFULLA C. RAY

Prafulla chandra

Prafulla Chandra Ray was a pioneer who promoted chemical education, chemical research and chemical industries in India.  He successfully prepared phosphate of soda crystals from waste cattle bones and sulphuric acid.  His main contribution to chemistry was the discovery of mercurous nitrite in 1896.  His small chemical laboratory developed into the biggest chemical firm of the country as the modern Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceutical Works.  He is recognized as the Father of India’s Chemical Industry.

He published 200 research papers and was the author of a great book, ‘The History of Hindu Chemistry’ in two volumes in 1902.  He also wrote many popular science articles entitled ‘India Before’ and ‘After the Mutiny, Essay on India’.  He was the General President of Indian Science Congress Association, 1920.  He was awarded with the Gilchrist Prize in 1882, the Hope prize from Edinburgh Universityin 1887, the CIE Honour in 1912 and was knighted in 1919.  From his gifted amount, a research prize in chemistry entitled ‘Indian Magazine Prize’ has been instituted.  He donated thousands of rupees for the benefit of the poor and the afflicted.

C. V.RAMAN

c.v.raman

His discovered ‘Raman Effect’ – the phenomenon that causes changes in the nature of light when it is passed through a transparent medium.  The ‘Raman Effect’ has great relevance in understanding the molecular structure of chemical compounds.  The world hailed this discovery and for the scientific research in this country, it was a red-letter day.   This discovery won him the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics. With the invention of the ‘laser’ the ‘Raman Effect’ has become a power tool for scientists.

He was Director of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore during 1933-43.  He was President of Indian Science Congress Association in 1928.  he was honoured knighthood by British government in 1929; Metenchi Medal, Rome in 1929.

His work mainly covers molecular diffraction of light, mechanical theory of bowed strings and diffraction of X-rays, theory of musical instrument and physics of crystals.

We Can Care

We Can Care

Let’s join hands with

Cancer Survivors

to bring smiles into the lives of 

Cancer Patients

CONSISTENCY

“Great things are not achieved by giant leaps overnight but small and consistent step taken over a long period of time”

– anonymous

clock

 

Pick up an activity and decide a time during the day when you will do it every day for the next 30 days. If there is a break, 30 days shall start from the day you start again.

If you need to inform people in your house you may please do so to ensure that everything falls in place for the next 30 days. If obstacles come, think of ways you can overcome them harmoniously.

At the end of the thirty-day period – scan the changes in you.

  • What has changed in you in these thirty days?
  • How are your organisational skills influenced?
  • How have your communication skills enhanced?
  • What improved in your inter-personal skills?
  • What other changes did you see in you…

Doing this for small things, will help you scale up to larger things in life and be successful.

Effective implementation of Yoga in Schools… Principal Speaks

Smt Lalitha ChandraSekar, Former Principal of a DAV school (Girls) in Chennai and Founder Ramana Vidyalaya shares her experience in implementing an effective Yoga Program in DAV  Group of Schools in Chennai. She is a pioneer and implemented Yoga in her school much before CBSE and other educational boards made it mandatory.

 

Teachers seek Life-Skill and Yoga training sessions for them.

Need to Indianise Education – Why & How? (2/2)

While there is an urgent need to Indianise education and revive the lost glory of this country, careful steps are to be taken to take all people along and be successful. Unreasonable resistance and intentions has to be dealt with severely and appropriately without affecting the objective. Two primary approaches help in the process…

A Common Platform for people to discuss, debate and evolve a Truly Indian Education System:

The new government under the leadership of Narendra Modi, which has come to power on the plank of “India First” is reported to have decided upon forming a commission on education reforms. We hope this commission will work to include traditional Indian wisdom, values and methodologies into our education system.

Several organisations, more prominent among them like – Saraswathi Vidya Mandirs, Vivekananda Education Society, Ramakrishna Mission, Chinmaya Mission, Aurobindo Ashram, Sathya Sai Institutes, Shanti Niketan, etc., have established educational institutes across the country and are providing Indian touch to the education for decades. Symposiums held by these institutes on indianising education based on traditional values highlight challenges they face in providing complete and truly Indian education. These need to be addressed.

There are reports of a Non-Governmental Education Commission (NGEC) under the leadership of Dr Batra which would introduce education models based on Indian roots and submit a report to the government. This reportedly is a high level panel involving who’s who in the industry. Heartening to learn about the objectives of this – probably one of the most serious and mega non-government initiative to Indianise education.

Several other organisations are also working in the same direction, but at a smaller level.

Consolidating the efforts of all these organisations would well be in the direction of Modi’s inclusive governance – where people actively participate in formulating policies and governance. National symposiums on these lines involving all these organisations will provide a common platform for people to exchange ideas, discuss, debate and evolve recommendations to the governmental commission to Indianise education that will be acceptable and relevant to people from all walks of life.

Make people open to debate, experiment and experience the claims of Indian Wisdom:

When fanaticism and pseudo-secularism by political class closed doors of people to even listen to the values of Indian wisdom, people in the west experimented on the same with an open mind. Today yoga, vastu sastra, etc., is accepted by more Indians across religious beliefs because their minds have opened after the west validated the same through systematic scientific research and debate.

The same is happening with Sanskrit education. While sanskrit text and slokas are taught in the schools in europe and west, we are finding it difficult to popularise the same in Indian schools. Through scientific research people in the west have understood the applicability and suitability of sanskrit in computing technology and balanced development of a person. It is a matter of time, when people in India will realise that sanskrit as a language, its literature, slokas and mantras; has global relevance; has the potential to propel the global growth curve to the next level.

Providing platforms and environment for people from all walks of life cutting across beliefs systems to experiment, experience, discuss and debate on traditional Indian philosophy and wisdom will help them realise the value of this wisdom and embrace it. We can understand the urgent need, when people of high repute speak about reverting back to our ancient traditions. However, care has to be taken to ensure that we are not touching the raw nerve that will immediately raise the wall of resistance and prove counter-productive.

Flavouring Indian wisdom, techniques and tools without religious connotations will help people from all belief systems to look at it with an open mind, understand their relevance and applicability to all.

Dealing Vested Interest Groups

Needless to say despite sincerest of efforts, vested political interest groups may still try to thwart the attempts and they have to be dealt sternly and politically appropriate way. The country has given the Modi Government overwhelming mandate relying on his ability and proven track record to do the same. We hope he lives up to the expectations and fructify the current efforts to Indianise education.

Need to Indianise Education – Why & How? (1/2)

Every country has a culture and value system that makes it unique amid innumerable cultures across the world. While each country has to respect other’s cultures and values, it also has responsibility to protect and promote its own unique culture.

Monotony is boring; Diversity makes world beautiful and interesting

India is a representative of respect for diversity. Traditionally people from across the world turned to India for guidance and wisdom to resolve conflicts. Swami Vivekananda’s strong impact on world community starting from world’s parliament of religions is a testimony to this in recent times.

Centuries ago, when Parsis were thrown out of their country, they spread out to various countries. Some of them landed on the shores of Gujarat. The ruler of the land not only gave them space to live in but also complete freedom to follow their own cultural values and protect their individual identity. Today they have become very much Indian and grown to utmost glory in this country by imbibing the value of “respect for others while following their own”. The whole country is today proud of Tatas and their contributions.

These are just two of innumerable examples to showcase the value of Indian Culture.

How did people in this part of the world manage to preserve their culture and evolve it into a guiding force, while other great civilizations of the past disappeared?

Why did great men from various fields across the world get attracted to this? 

What is happening to this culture in the era of globalisation and what is our responsibility as inheritors of this great culture to pass on this legacy?

The uniqueness of Indian Culture is that it did not let go of the core, but adapted at the outer to cope with the changing needs reinventing itself during challenging times. It imbibed the goodness in other cultural practices while letting go of those that are proved to be non-progressive, thus making it global and time relevant.

Its values, beliefs and cultural practices are not something exclusive of, but integral to their daily life.

These have been made part of their education system and imbibed as what is described as samskaras during early formative years. Long before Maria Montessori described to the modern world the absorbant mind of a child, wise men in this part of the world knew this and used it to evolve daily practices and routines, so that the utmost important values are imbibed by the child during the early formative years.

Colonial rulers under the guidance of Macaulay understood this and destroyed this great education system so that they can establish their supremacy. Leaders like Gandhi and Patel, who have integrated these values led the way to freedom from colonial rule, but the subsequent rulers failed to free us from the colonial education system.

Freedom from colonial education system and reviving Indian education system is the answer to completely revive the glory of India and once again make India the guiding force for the rest of the world.

There has been some sporadic and some consistent efforts by certain thought leaders to revive Indian-ness in Indian education. But attempts at the Government level has been sparse, probably due to political considerations. In the past few years there have been significant attempts by various educational boards including the premier education board CBSE, to make education holistic and effective (We have discussed about this in our earlier blogs). But all these attempts did not focus on the Indian-ness aspect.

The new government has come to power with resounding majority banking on the promise of India First. There are already certain signs to add the value of Indian-ness in the Indian education system.

We will look at how this can be effectively achieved in the next part of this post…

What Should I Do?

A severe storm lashed for the past 4 days.  As I woke up in the morning I was glad that I could see the sunrays.

In the past 4 days, I had seen incessant rains, gale winds. It was chaos all over. I flew over to Rishi’s drawing-room. He was getting the latest update from the TV on the situation around…

It was unusual calm… calmness after the storm as it is said.

It was as though the nature has become tired and is now taking rest.

Storm

Huge gigantic trees got uprooted and lay all over. As the camera zoomed, I could see the blades of grass slowly standing up recovering from the severe storm. I was surprised.

GrassInStorm2

A chain of thoughts started in my mind… the storm-within started ?!?!?

I asked Rishi “Should I explore the depths and conquer the heights like a tall tree or should I stay firm to the ground and even be able to conquer the storm.  What should I do?

There was a gentle smile on His face. He answered.

Ankur…

“If you are a tree… explore the depths and conquer the heights.

If you are a blade of grass conquer the storm and stay firm on the ground.

Know yourself, Be yourself”

I suddenly remembered the Story of Vanamahotsav Competition…

I smiled…

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