uvAcha Quiz – 12

Vikramshila University, an ancient university of India whose ruins are situated in present day Bihar was founded by which Pala ruler

  1. Dharmapala
  2. Devapala
  3. Mahipala
  4. Govindpala

Shilbadra was the head of which university of ancient India

  1. Vallabhi
  2. Nalanda
  3. Vikramshila
  4. Takshashila

In ancient India, Nalanda University was a great centre for the study of –

  1. Hinayana Buddhism
  2. Mahayana Buddhism
  3. Jainism
  4. Hinduism

This university campus was spread across three adjoining hills – Lalitgiri, Ratnagiri and Udayagiri

  1. Odantapuri
  2. Somapura
  3. Pushpagiri
  4. Vallabhi

This university was well-known for its specialized training on the subject of Tantrism

  1. Vallabhi
  2. Odantapuri
  3. Takshashila
  4. Vikramshila

 

Answers for uvAcha quiz – 11

(a)  Kathakali (b)  Kuchipudi  (c)  Manipuri  (d)  Bharatnatyam   (e ) Mohiniattam

Palming

Sit erect with your back straight.  Close your eyes gently.  Concentrate on your natural breathing – inhalation and exhalation.  Count 11 breaths.

Now rub your hands nicely to generate heat.   Place the palm slightly cupped on your closed eyes gently. Ensure that the palms are placed over the eyes in such a way that there is no gap for light to enter.  Do not press the eyeballs.  Allow eyes to relax in complete darkness.  Concentrate on your breathing and feel the warmth of the palms over your eyes.

palming

This practice helps in

  • relaxing your mind and body
  • removing dark circles around your eyes
  • adds glow to your face
  • makes you feel rejuvenated quickly

Ancient Indian Univerisities

Since the times of vedic civilization, through gurukuls and ashrams, education always had prominence in Indian society. And with evolving times, many centers of learning were established across ancient India of which Takshashila and Nalanda are the most famous ones known today. Below is a list of major ancient universities that flourished across ancient India.

Takshashila University

 Taksha

Takshashila (1000 BC to 500 AD), one of the universities in ancient Bharat is also the oldest amongst the universities on earth.  Each teacher was an institution and enjoyed full autonomy in his work.  Takshashila was a home to over 10,500 students where the students from across the world came and specialised in over 64 different fields of study like vedas, grammar, philosophy, ayurveda, agriculture, surgery, politics, archery, warfare, astronomy, commerce, futurology, music, dance, etc. Takshashila can be hailed as the intellectual capital of Bharat.

Vikramashila University

 Vikramshila-University

Vikramashila (1203 AD to 1800) was founded by King Dharmapala in the eighth century. It was comparable to Nalanda University that flourished during as well, with over 100 teachers and over 1000 students listed in this University. This university was well-known for its specialized training on the subject of Tantra (Tantrism)

Nalanda Unviersity

Nalanda University, Nalanda, Bihar

Nalanda University (425 AD to 1205 AD) was established by Shakraditya of Gupta dynasty.  Nalanda was the world’s first university to have residential quarters for both students and teachers. It also had large public lecture halls.  The library of this university was the largest library of the ancient world and had thousands of volumes of manuscripts on various subjects like grammar, logic, literature, astrology, astronomy, and medicine.  This was the place which was sanctified by the stay of Buddha and saw a number of discussions on the Buddhist doctrines.

Vallabhi University

 vallabhi univeristy

Valabhi University was established in Saurashtra of modern India.  It championed the cause of Hinayana Buddhism.  Students from across the Gangetic plains came to learn in this university.  Gunamati and Sthiramati, the two famous Buddhist scholars are said to have graduated from this University. This University was popular for its training in secular subjects and students from all over the country came to study in this University.

Pushpagiri University

 pushpagiri

Pushpagiri University was established in 3rd century in ancient Kalinga kingdom and was spread across Cuttack and Jajpur districts. It flourished for the next 800 years till 11th century. The university campus was spread across three adjoining hills – Lalitgiri, Ratnagiri and Udayagiri. This was one of the most prominent centers of higher education in ancient India along with the universities of Takshashila, Nalanda and Vikramashila.   Lalitgiri is said to have been commissioned by early 2nd century BCE itself and is the oldest Buddhist establishments in the world.

Odantapuri University

 odantapuri

Odantapuri University was established by Dharmapala of Pala dynasty during late 8th century in Magadha (which is in modern day Bihar) and flourished for 400 years till 12th century.  The famous Acharya Sri Ganga who was a professor at the Vikramashila University was a graduate of this Odantapuri University. According to the ancient Tibetan records there were about 12,000 students studying at this University. Ancient Tibetan texts mention this as one among the five great Universities of its time, the other four being Vikramashila, Nalanda, Somapura and Jagaddala Universities – all in ancient India.

 Somapura University

 somapura

Somapura Mahavihara  was established during late 8th century in Bengal and flourished for 400 years till 12th century.  The University spread over 27 acres of land of which the main complex of 21 acres was one of the largest of its kind. It was a major center of learning for Bauddha Dharma (Buddhism), Jina Dharma (Jainism) and Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism). Even today one can find ornamental terracotta on its outer walls depicting the influence of these three traditions.

ABC of Yoga Education – Gill Adarsh Mat.Hr.Sec.School

We Congratulate! the management of Gill Adarsh Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Royapettah for providing the wonderful opportunity to their teachers to attend ABC of YOGA education workshop organised by Ankur Learning Solutions Pvt Ltd and conducted by Satyananda Yoga Education Charitable Trust.

ABC of Yoga education provides an insight into the meaning and depths of education, role of an educator and how Yoga helps an educator (teacher) to ably fulfil his/her responsibility in nurturing holistic and confident adults.

Shri Soundararajan and Shri Ranga Rajan conducted this program to the Junior teachers on 30th Oct 2014. Smt Uma Jeyagopal and Smt Aruna conducted the program for Senior teachers on 6th Dec 2014.

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We appreciate the interest, active and enthusiastic participation by the teachers in this program.

For conducting ABC of Yoga Education program in your school, you may reach us at ankur@blissgroup.com or 98400 76654

CYF 2014 at Chinmaya Vidyalaya

School level event of Children Yoga Festival 2014 was conducted at Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Virugambakkam on 10th Dec 2014. Children presented interesting yoga based themes – Protect flora and fauna, Conserve our forests, Yoga and Health, etc., during the festival.

The festival included – theme based demonstrations, quiz, oratorical skill demonstration, etc., where the children enthusiastically participated.

It was heartening to note that the children have developed a more holistic approach to yoga post their participation in Children Yoga Festival 2013.

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We Congratulate the management and Yoga instructor (Mr Venugopal) of Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Virugambakkam for providing this wonderful opportunity to their students for the second consecutive year.

Hope more schools come forward to provide this wonderful opportunity to introduce to their students a holistic and enjoyable approach to yoga.

Ankur Kshetra Inauguration

Ankur Kshetra was inaugurated on 2nd November 2014 at Shri. Krishnaswamy Matriculation Higher Secondary School, J-Block, 15th Street, Vaigai Colony, Anna Nagar West, Chennai – 600040, by Sn. Shiv Rishiji, Founder, Satyananda Yoga Centre, Triplicane.  Havan was performed which was followed by a lecture by Sn. Shiv Rishiji.

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Ankur Kshetra – The place to be!!! is the after-school division of Ankur.

At Kshetra we currently offer Yoga Programs for children, their parents and other adult members of their family. Very soon we shall be launching Jiva Vigyan – Life SKILL programs for children at Kshetra.

For more details, contact us at 98400 76654 or 96001 44117

or

write to us at ankur@blissgroup.com

Introductory Workshops on Yoga

Introductory Workshops an various aspects of Yoga – for children, parents and other adults in a family are conducted every Saturday and Sunday at Kshetra – Shri. Krishnaswamy Mat. Hr. Sec. School, J-Block, 15th Street, Vaigai Colony, Anna Nagar West, Chennai – 600040.

The topics for the Workshops is given below.

For more details please contact 98400 76654 or 96001 44117.

WORKSHOP SESSIONS FOR NOV_DEC

uvAcha Quiz – 12

Which classical Indian dance is traditionally performed by men

  1. Kathak
  2. Kathakali
  3. Odissi
  4. Kuchipudi

 

Which of the following classical Indian dance is from the state of Andhra Pradesh

  1. Manipuri
  2. Odissi
  3. Kuchipudi
  4. Kathak

 

This dance form doesn’t involve anklets as a part of the dancer’s attire.

  1. Manipuri
  2. Odissi
  3. Mohiniattam
  4. Kuchipudi

 

This classical dance originated in Tamil Nadu

  1. Kathak
  2. Kuchipudi
  3. Bharatanatyam
  4. Kathakali

 

Which one of the following is essentially a solo dance?

  1. Odissi
  2. Manipuri
  3. Bharatanatyam
  4. Mohiniattam

 

Answers for uvAcha quiz – 11

(a)  Vishnu Sharma (b)  The Rigveda  (c)  Sage Vyasa  (d)  Katha Upanishad (e) Tamil

CLASSICAL DANCES OF INDIA

There are many dance forms in India – some are deeply religious in content while others are danced just as an expression of joy or for relieving the stress after a day’s hard work. The classical dance forms use basically the same ‘mudras’ or signs of hand as a common language of expression and were originally performed in the temples to entertain various Gods and Goddesses. They were also effective in carrying forward the various mythological stories from generation to generation while entertaining the audiences.

BHARATANATYAM

Bharatanatyam

 Bharatanatyam is one of the oldest dance forms of India.  This dance originated in the state of Tamilnadu and was nurtured in the temples and courts of Southern India.   Bharata Natyam dance has been handed down through the centuries by dance teachers called nattuwanars and the temple dancers, called devadasis. The four great nattuwanars of Tanjore were known as the Tanjore Quartet and were brothers named Chinnaiah, Ponnaiah, Vadivelu and Shivanandam. The complete performance of this dance involves six stages known as Alarippu, Jatiswaram, Sabdam, Varnam, Padam and Thillana.  Nritta comprises of three elements – a basic standing position, movement of the legs and feet and decorative hand gestures.  Music for this dance is based on important tunes or ragas such as Bhairavi, Kalyani and Kambodhi.

 KATHAK

kathak

This style of dance which is said to have originated from the Jaipur and Lucknow gharanas is derived from the word Katha meaning ‘story telling’.  Traditionally the stories were of Radha and Krishna but after the invasion of the Mughuls, it shows traces of Muslim court etiquette.

The structure of a conventional Kathak performance tends to follow a progression in tempo from slow to fast, ending with a dramatic climax. A short dance composition is known as a tukra, a longer one as a toda. There are also compositions consisting solely of footwork.

MANIPURI

manipuri

This classical dance form is associated with the state of Manipur from North Eastern India.  The main theme of this dance is “Krishna’s Ras Leela”.  Manipuri dancers do not wear ankle bells to accentuate the beats tapped out by the feet, in contrast with other Indian dance forms, and the dancers’ feet never strike the ground hard. Movements of the body and feet and facial expressions in Manipuri dance are subtle and aim at devotion and grace.  Ornamated and starched skirts are typical dress codes of the Manipuri dance.

 KATHAKALI

kathakali

It is a classical dance form of Kerala.  This dance form is based mostly on themes derived from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and other Hindu epics, mythologies and legends. A Striking feature of Kathakali is the use of elaborate make-up and colourful costumes.  Loud drums are played while the dance drama, depicting the courage of heroic kings and the cunning of evil characters, is performed.

 MOHINI ATTAM

mohiniattam

Mohiniattam is derived from the words “Mohini” (meaning beautiful women) and “attam”(meaning dance).  This dance form is a beautiful feminine style with surging flow of body movements. Mohiniattam dance in Kerala is developed in the tradition of Devadasi system, which later grew and developed a classical status.  The theme of Mohini attam dance is love and devotion to god. Vishnu or Krishna is most often the hero. The spectators can feel His invisible presence when the heroine or her maid details dreams and ambitions through circular movements, delicate footsteps and subtle expressions.

 KUCHIPUDI

 kuchipudi

Kuchipudi derives its name from the Kuchipudi village of Andhra Pradesh. In the seventeenth century the Kuchipudi village was presented to the Brahmins, who were experts in staging dance and drama. Kuchipudi exhibits scenes from the Hindu Epics, legends and mythological tales through a combination of music, dance and acting.The technique of Kuchipudi makes use of fast rhythmic footwork and sculpturesque body movements.  Stylized mime, using hand gestures and subtle facial expressions, is combined with more realistic acting, occasionally including dialogues spoken by the dancers.

 ODISSI

odissi

Odissi is one of the famous classical Indian dances from Orissa state. This dance traces its origins to the ritual dances performed in the temples of Orissa, by the devadasis.  The dancers use their head, bust and torso in soft flowing movements to express specific moods and emotions. This dance has been mentioned in the inscriptions and depicted on sculptures in temples like the Brahmeswara and the dancing hall of the Sun Temple of Konark.

uvAcha Quiz – 11

The original ‘Panchatantra’ was written by

  1. Samudra Gupta
  2. Vishnu Sharma
  3. Kalidasa
  4. Tulsidasa

 

Which of the following is generally considered as the oldest literary work in the history of the world

  1. The Rigveda
  2. The Yajurveda
  3. Mahabharata
  4. The Bible

 

Which sage was credited for organizing voluminous vedic literature into four distinct vedas

  1. Sage Jaimini
  2. Sage Vyasa
  3. Sage Vasishta
  4. Sage Yajnavalkya

 

Which of the following Upanishads contain the teaching of ‘Lord of Death’ (Yama Dharmaraja) to the little boy Nachiketas

  1. Kena Upanishad
  2. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
  3. Isavashya Upanishad
  4. Katha Upanishad

 

Tolkappiyam is a treatise on which grammar

  1. Malayalam
  2. Telugu
  3. Tamil
  4. Kannada

 

Answers for uvAcha quiz – 10

(a)  Vikram Sarabhai (b)  Prafulla Chandra Ray  (c)  Homi J Bhabha  (d)  1930  (e)  Jamshedji Tata

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