I Love My INDIA – Indian Architecture

Long before the modern science enabled technology was available to the world, India excelled in engineering wonders in its architecture. Ever thought how that was possible?

Brihadeeshwara Temple (Tanjore)

I Love My India - Indian Architecture

Brihadeeswara Temple

One of the tallest temple in the world and is a symbol of the greatness of the Chola empire.

  • The Temple stands within a fort with a towering vimanam which is so designed that it would never cast a shadow at noon, at any time of the year. Wonder! 1000 years ago, our ancestors knew so well about the movement of sun and the earth in different times of the year
  • Another architectural wonder is seen in the tower with a huge dome, which is made of black granite made of a single stone estimated to weigh 80 tons. The gopuram (tower) on which this dome rests is 216 feet high. Wonder! How did they manage to get this stone on top of the gopuram without any cranes?

Sun Temple (Konark)

I Love My India - Indian Architecture

Sun temple, Konark

This temple which was built during the reign of the eastern Ganga King Narasimha Deva I,  in 13th Century, is the supreme achievement of Orissa’s architectural genius,

  • Everyday, the Sun’s rays would reach the Nata Mandir from the coast and reflects from the diamond placed at the center of the idol Wonder! How did they know the movement of stars, planets and their interactions?
  • A heavy magnet was placed at the temple top and every two stones of the temple is sandwiched by iron plates. The idol was said to have been floating in air due to the arrangement of magnets. The magnet at the top is said to have disturbed compasses for coastal voyagers and later on removed Wonder! In 13th century Indian architects knew about magnetism
  • The Konark temple is constructed as a gigantic chariot with 24 wheels about three meters high and pulled by 7 horses, housing the Sun God within

 Temple of Bodh Gaya

I Love My India - Indian Architecture

Temple of Bodhgaya

This temple is one solitary remnant of the great Buddhist temples of the medieval period.

  • It is typical of the Mahayana architecture that developed in the Gangetic region during the first millennium.
  • The building consists of a plinth on which rests a square pyramidal tower. Each corner of the plinth has a small replica of the Central tower – built at a later period, resembling a five shrine Hindu temple. Wonder! Geometrical geniuses in the 1st millenium

Khajuraho

I Love My India - Indian Architecture

Khajuraho

  • A unique feature of this temple is that, contrary to custom, they are not enclosed within walls but stand on a high terrace of solid masonary. Wonder! Open to sun and rain, the sculptures are still intact
  • The temples are constructed of granite or sandstone and the entire mass has an upward inclination.
  • One of the most developed and refined expressions of the Indo-Aryan architectural genius is to be found in the group of temples at Khajuraho, Bundelkhand in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is one of the temples originally built by the Chandells Rajputs between 950 AD and 1050 AD.

The Tejpala Temple (Mount Abu)

I Love My India - Indian Architecture

Tejpala temple

This temple is one of the last monuments built in the solanki style

  • A striking feature of this temple is the pendant of the dome which in the words of a Western thinker Wonder! Fergusson, “hangs from the centre, more like a cluster of crystal drops than a solid mass of marble” 
  • The prinicipal cell contains a colossal image of Neminatha with his conch-shell symbol on the seat.
  • The presiding deity of this temple is Rishabhadeva or Adinatha, installed in the inner shrine, which is open on all the four sides
  • Surveyed from a height, the temple has the appearance of a forest of pillars where the play of light and shade presents a fascinating spectacle

Lepakshi Temple

I Love My India - Indian Architecture

Lepakshi Temple

  • It is one of the 108 important Shaiva Kshetras referred to in the skandapurana
  • It consists of three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Virabhadra
  • The temple is divided into three parts – the natya mandapa, the garbha griha and the kalyana mandapa with 38 carved monolithic (Wonder! made of a single stone) pillars in grey sandstone.
  • The best specimens of the Vijayanagar style of sculpture and mural paintings are found in the natya and kalyana mandapams (dance and wedding halls).  These sculptures depict puranic episodes like Anantashayana, Dattatreya and Chaturmuka Brahma
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  1. The Vishnu temple in Khajuraho | Noisy Pilgrims

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